The Irish Language

Gaelice, Gaeltacht, Referat, Hausaufgabe, The Irish Language
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The Irish Language The Irish language is also called Gaelice. Irish is the first language of Ireland s inhabitants. Almost 55.000 people speak Irish as their first language. These people live in the Irish-speaking region of Western Ireland and are known as Native Speakers. Western Ireland is also known as the Gaeltacht. The counties of Gaeltacht are Kerry, Clare, Galway, the Three Aran Islands, Mayo, Sligo and Donegal. Galway has a flourishing Irish speaking community. In Connemara, which belongs to Galway, the inhabitants only speak Irish. On the Aran Islands time seems to stand still. The inhabitants live in primitive houses and are all native Irish speakers. Irish is a member of the Goidelic group of the Celtic subfamily of the Indo European family of languages. The history of Irish as a literary language falls into three periods: Old Irish (7th-9th cent. A.D.), Middle Irish (10th-16th cent.), and Modern Irish (since the 16th cent.). In the medieval period a great Irish literature flourished. Grammatically, there are still four cases for the noun (nominative, genitive, vocative, and, in some dialects, dative). In pronunciation the stress is on the first syllable. An acute accent is placed over a vowel to denote length, and a dot is placed over a consonant to indicate aspiration. The alphabet employed today for Irish can be called a variant or a derivative of the Roman alphabet that took shape about the 8thcent. A.D. It has 18 letters: 13 consonants and 5 vowels. The ...

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