Amnesty International

Peter Benenson, Human Rights, Nelson Mandela, Referat, Hausaufgabe, Amnesty International
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1. Foundation An English lawyer, Peter Benenson launched Amnesty International (AI), in May 1961 by the publication of a London newspaper article in The Observer. In his newspaper article Mr. Benenson said: Open your newspaper any day of the week and you will find a report from somewhere in the world of someone being imprisoned, tortured or executed because his opinions or religion are unacceptable to his government. Peter Benenson had the idea to fight for the release of prisoners, who have been arrested not for a crime, but for their political or religious beliefs. He called these people prisoners of conscience . There was an enormous response to his initiative and Amnesty International soon became the world s largest human right organisation. --à Transparency with pictures is shown now ß-- 2. Members Amnesty International has around a million members and supporters in more than 160 countries. Members include politicians, doctors, farmers, journalists, teacher or students. Amnesty International members work on cases worldwide, but they are not allowed to get involved in cases in their own country. Politicians influenced some members so early campaigns failed, because Amnesty International was misinformed and mislead. But there is an exception, which allowed members to work for prisoners in their own country, if it s only a case of capital punishment or a refugee issue. 3. What Amnesty International works Amnesty International is based on the Universal Declaration of Human ...

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