Indians in America

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Referat im Leistungskurs Englisch von Goeran Zängerlein am 09.10.1996 Indians in America The Ancient Indians Bering - Mankind came from Asia to America in the Pleistocene age ( Ice Age) via the Bering street land bridge during the Wisconsin (corresponding to the Würm, 90,000 or 75,000 to 8,000 B.C.). These Paleo-Siberians who went there were the first Indians. The first artefacts of this culture date back to 50,000 to 10,000 B.C. About 3,000 to 1,000 B.C., long after the submersion of the Bering land bridge Eskimos and Aleuts came with wooden dugouts and skin boats to America. Lithic-Indian - Lithic Indians first did not have the knowledge of stone points for their spears. This age was called the Pre-Projectile-Point stage (about 50,000 B.C. to about 25,000 B.C.). The hunters probably used fire to harden the tips of their spears, but their did not remain any spears. After 25,000 B.C. new techniques appeared among Lithic Indians, and workable stone (flint, chert and obsidian) was used to make cutting tools and the spear points which were very important for hunting. Archaic-Indians (Foraging Indians) - This time lasted from about 6,000 B.C. to 1,000 B.C. and is characterized by Indians hunting and trapping small game, fishing and gathering of edible plants. The Archaic-Indian tribes became more localized than the Lithic Indian ones and archaeologists even found some permanent Archaic sites. More materials were used during this time and food was stored in baskets and skin ...

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