Tenses - Englische Zeitformen

Simple Present, Present Progressive, Present Perfect, Simple Past, Past Progressive, Will-Future, Referat, Hausaufgabe, Tenses - Englische Zeitformen
Themengleiche Dokumente anzeigen


Tenses in English

Simple Present
(etwas geschieht regelmäßig, immer, oft oder nie)

My parents watch TV every evening.
We often watch TV in the evening.
Every morning Simon gets up at seven o´clock.
I never go home before six o´clock.

Present progressive
(etwas passiert gerade und ist noch nicht abgeschlossen)

What are the Owen´s doing?
Mary, Becky and Sarah are playing games.
She isn´t listening to music.

Present perfect
(Handlung in der Vergangenheit, dessen Auswirkungen sind noch sichtbar/ spürbar) (Oder etwas ist gerade abgeschlossen – Signalwörter: just, ever, never, (not) yet, already).

The children have just tidied up their rooms.
He has washed the pullover.
Have you listened to your new CD´s yet ?
Mark has never seen a ghost.

Aktuell neu:
(Zustände, die in der Vergangenheit begonnen haben und jetzt noch andauern)
(Schlüsselwörter: since + Zeitpunkt, for + Zeitspanne)

My mother has been a teacher since April.
I’ve been out of work since May last year.

Megan has lived in London for a long time.
We have only been here for six weeks.

Present perfect progressive
(Handlungen, die in der Vergangenheit begonnen haben und bis jetzt oder fast jetzt andauern) (Schlüsselwörter auch since und for/ how long...)

The kids have been playing football since two o’clock.
How long has it been raining?
You’ve been driving for three hours.

Verben, die Zustände beschreiben, können nicht in der progressive-Form verwendet werden.
(Bsp.: to know, to like, to need)

Simple past
(Berichte, Erzählungen, Handlungen, die abgeschlossen sind.)

He left two days ago.
I was at the fair.
We phoned our friends.

Past progressive
(Zu einer bestimmten Zeit in der Vergangenheit passierte etwas gerade)
(Schlüsselwörter: while, when)

What were you doing at ten o’clock in the night?
Miss Picken was having a bath when the lights went out.
While th boys were playing football, it started to rain.

(Vermutungen, Vorhersagen)

He`ll be 19 soon.
The weather will be fine tomorrow.
I won’t be back for John’s party.
Peter will meet me at the airport.

( Vorhaben, Planungen, Absichten)

I’m going to take a photo of you.
We’re going to feed our cat.
What are you going to do tonight?