Referat Patrick Ottersbach 4th period Honors Government Economics Marxism The ideology of Marxism which was a popular ideology during the 19th century and had a great impact on the history of the 19th and 20th century was developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels around the mid 19th century. Although most of the documents which contributed to the ideology of Marxism carry both the names of Marx and Engels as the authors, Marx was still be more powerful thinker behind the ideology of Marxism. Since Engels was the better stylist, most of the eloquent writing in the documents such as the The Communist Manifesto can be contributed to Engels, but since Marx developed the theories of Marxism, the ideology carries his name. One of the basic concepts in the ideology of Marxism is the concept of class struggle. In the first chapter of The Communist Manifesto , named Bourgeois and Proletarians, Marx states that the history of humanity has been a history of class struggle, the oppressor and the oppressed, stood in constant opposition against each other . In order to support his idea, Marx gives many examples of class struggles during the history of mankind. During the ages the ruling class was replaced by another class through revolutionary action. The last revolution of this kind took place in the 18th century, when the aristocracy was overthrown by the bourgeoisie. This revolution lays the foundation for the society of the 19th century. After the revolutions of the 18th century the ...
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