Referat MALCOLM X 1925 - 1965 original name MALCOLM LITTLE Muslim name EL-HAJJ MALIK EL-SHABAZZ born May 19, 1925, Omaha, Nebraska died Feb. 21, 1965, New York, NY black militant leader who articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the early 1960s. After his assassination, the widespread distribution of his life story The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965) by Alex Haley made him an ideological hero, especially among black youth. Malcolm X was born as Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska. His father, Earl Little, a Baptist minister, was president of the Omaha branch of UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association) and a dedicated organizer for Marcus Garvey, the leader of the Back-to-Africa-movement and promoter of black nationalism and black pride. When Malcolm was young he often accompanied his father to UNIA meetings. Malcolm never forgot the dynamic preaching at Baptist church meetings. His father always finished with Marcus Garveys cry: Up, you mighty race, you can accomplish what you want Malcolm grew up believing that. Because of the hostility of white racists Earl Little moved his family to Lansing, Michigan. Malcolm had a very hard childhood. He was very often beaten by his father, he accepted violence as part of his childhood. At the age of four Malcolm saw his house burned down at the hands of the white supremacist Ku Klux Klan. The Littles had to move twice more to escape harassment. Two years later his father was murdered, thrown under a streetcar. It ...
Autor: Gubznf Geraxre
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