Northern Ireland

Referat, Hausaufgabe, Northern Ireland
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Northern Ireland General Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and is situated in the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland. Northern Ireland is bounded on the north and north-east by the North Channel and on the south-east by the Irish Sea; on the south and west it has a 488 km border with the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland is also known as Ulster, because it comprises six of the nine counties that constituted the former province of Ulster. Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland. Land and Resources Northern Ireland is about 135 km long, north-south, and about 175 km wide, west-east. The shoreline is characterised by numerous irregularities. A striking feature of the northern coast is the Giant s Causeway, a volcanic rock formation consisting of thousands of closely placed, polygonal pillars of black basalt. The country consists mainly of a low, flat plain, at the approximate centre of which lies Lough Neagh, the largest freshwater lake in the British Isles. There are three major areas of upland: the Sperrin Mountains in the north-west, the Antrim Mountains along the north-eastern coast and the Mourne Mountains in the Southeast. The chief rivers of Northern Ireland are the Foyle, which forms part of the western boundary with the Republic of Ireland, Derry, and the Upper Bann and Lower Bann rivers. Climate The climate of Northern Ireland is mild and damp (feucht) throughout the year. The prevailing westerly winds from the warm Gulf ...

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