Referat FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation What is the FBI ? The Federal 1 Bureau of Investigation 2 is the most important arm of the United States Department of Justice. The FBI is also authorised to provide other law organisations with cooperative services, such as fingerprint identification, laboratory examinations 3 , and police training. The Mission The mission of the FBI is to uphold the law through the investigation of violations 4 of criminal law, to protect the United States from foreign 5 intelligence and terrorist activities and to provide leadership and law enforcement 6 assistance to federal, state, local and international agencies. The History The FBI was founded in 1908 when attorney general 7 Charles J. Bonapart appointed an unnamed force of special agents. By order of attorney general George W. Wickersham, the special agent force was named the Bureau of Investigation in 1909. After series of changes in name, the Federal Bureau of Investigation officially received its present title in 1935. During the early period of the FBI´s history, its agents investigated criminal violations like bankruptcy 8 frauds 9 , antitrust crime and neutrality violations. During World War I, the Bureau was given responsibility for espionage and sabotage. In 1934 the Congress gave special agents the authority to make arrests and to carry firearms. During the World War II the size of the FBI increased greatly. With the end of that war and the beginning of the atomic age, the FBI began to ...
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