Defoe, Daniel: Robinson Crusoe

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ROBINSON CRUSOE BY DANIEL DEFOE About the author: Daniel Defoe was born in the year 1660 in Cripplegate and died in the year 1731 at the age of Enlightenment. In the year 1895 he changed his name from Foe to Defoe. It was his fahter´s will to become a Presbyterian priest, but he finally became a merchant in Cornhill. From 1697 till 1701 he served as a secret agent for William III and in the same year his first poem The True-Born Englishman which was a bestseller appeared. Because of his ironical satire The Shortest-Way with the Dissenters he was arrested two years later. 1719 he wrote The Life and Strange Adventures of Robinson Crusoe . The plot: Robinson Crusoe is the son of a merchant from Bremen, that settled in York. The love for adventures turns him into a sailor. He makes a couple of trips to Africa and becomes a wealthy man, and a greedy one, too. On a trip to Guinea, where he intended to buy cheap slaves, his ship runs on ground in a hurricane. Robinson, the only one who survived the storm, managed to reach the shore of an island. The next morning he spots his shipwreck. He takes everything that s not firmly fixed by raft to the island, among that guns, ammunition and clothes. From now on he lives in a tent, surrounded by a palisade, and stores his supplies in a near cave. There he starts writing a diary. After a while he believes that God wants to punish him for his adventurous life and that God wants to show him the perfection of his Creation. The more he adopts ...

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