Orwell, George: 1984

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GEORGE ORWELL : 1984 THE AUTHOR George Orwell - his real name was Eric Arthur Blair - was born in 1903 in India, moved to England in 1907 and entered the college at Eton ten years later, where he contributed to college magazines. From 1922 to 1927, he served with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, which inspired his first novel, Burmese Days. Several years in Paris and London followed, when he lived on casual la-bours (Down and out in Paris and London, 1933). In 1936, Orwell fought in the Spanish Civil War for the Republi-cans (Hommage to Catalonia), where he was wounded. During WW II he served in the Home Guard and worked for the BBC. As a literary editor he contributed political and literary commentary to several newspapers such as Tribune and The Observer. With his satirical allegory Animal Farm of 1945 which was directed against dictatorship and the novel Nineteen eighty-four (published in 1949), he reached worldwide fame. Suffering from tuberculosis, George Orwell died in 1950 at the age of 46. THE MAIN CHARACTERS (a) WINSTON SMITH - an average, intelligent man, a minor employee in the ministry of truth. His job is to falsify back issues of the Times in order to keep them in line with the present policy in Oceania. History has become a plaything of the Party - objective truth no longer exists. (b) JULIA - a beautiful young mechanic in the Fiction Department of the Ministry of Truth, only apparently an enthusiastic member of the Junior Anti-Sex League and a good Party ...

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