Civil Rights

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Affirmative Action, separate but equal, Referat, Hausaufgabe, Civil Rights
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Markus Hoffmann 11 19 96 Civil Rights Civil Rights are given by a state to its inhabitants, for example the right to obtain employment and the right to use public facilities like trams, toilets and schools on equal terms with all other people. The term Civil Rights is closely related to minority groups in the USA, especially to black people. History: Amendment XIII (1865): Abolition of slavery Amendments XIV XV (1868 1870): definition of citizenship and protection of rights thereof The first three Civil Rights Acts passed in the second half of the 19th century. They granted citizenship to black people and made them equal in all public places. In 1883 the Supreme Court declared the 3rd Act (Equality) unconstitutional, thus ending federal protection for Blacks. A further setback brought the court case Plessy v. Ferguson. It had stood as the legal precedent for the separate but equal doctrine. The Court held the opinion that if railroad cars were separated into two parts, but were equal for black and white people than the resulting segregation would be constitutional. Segregation in other places. It wasn`t until 1950 when three Supreme Court decisions gave a new direction to those who were fighting for Civil Rights. In 1964 the Civil Rights Act guaranteed equal status in every political and social respect to Blacks. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP): It was the NAACP`s accomplishment to do away with the Plessy Ruling by initiating a series of ...

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