King, Dr. Martin Luther Jr. (1929-1968)

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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Michael Luther King was born in Atlanta on January 15, 1929. But later he had his name changed to Martin. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had been graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955 In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. His first major achievement in the civil rights movement was to lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The boycott, which began when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus for a white man, forced the desegregation of the buses in Montgomery, and was a significant achievement in the civil rights movement. After this, he became a major civil rights leader. One of the prominent ideas of Martin Luther King`s philosophy was non-violent, passive resistance. King was affected by many Gandhian principles, as well as his Christian background, to lead to this view of things. He believed that if there is an bad ...

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