The nuclear bomb

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T M 1998 The nuclear bomb In 1938 Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann made the first nuclear fission with uranium. With this they laid the foundations for the nuclear bomb. The development went forward very fast and so the USA finally carried out the Manhatten Project : In New Mexico they built a town for 6000 inhabitants:Los Alamos. There they produced the plutonium for the bombs. Finally, in the night between 15th and 16th of July 1945 the first nuclear bomb was tested in the desert of New Mexico. The bomb was developed for use against Germany but when they finished the bomb, the war with Germany was already over and so the USA dropped the bombs on Japan. On 6th august 1945 at 8.15am a uranium-bomb was dropped on Hiroshima: It was a 14000t bomb and it exploded 650m over the towncentre of Hiroshima. 130 000 peolple died immediately by pressure and heat. 70 000 people died later by radiation and because of their burns. 3 days later a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. After that Japan capitulated. During the cold war the developing of nuclear weapons went forward with big steps. Rockets with nuclear warheads were developed and today there are rockets with up to three warheads. Each warhead has an explosive force of 20Mt. With the nuclear weapons which we have today everything all over the world could be destroyed 12 times. Test-areas of nuclear bombs: USA: Nevada, New Mexico, Bikini Atoll Russia: Sibiria France: Mururoa Atoll The H-bomb: A hydrogen-bomb is based on nuclear ...

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