Referat Referat e11 24.6.1997 Political parties in the UK Results of the elections for House of Commons The last Prime Ministers 1997 Tony Blair Labour 1990 John Major Conservative 1979 Margaret Thatcher Conservative 1976 James Callaghan Labour 1974 Harold Wilson Labour The most important parties The Conservative Party is one of the oldest. Its native members were called Tories, since 1762 most Prime Ministers were of this party. Today this party is European-sceptically and stands for old values, they are opposed to great changes in society, they uphold private enterprise, freedom from state control ,and order and authority. The new leader of them is William Hague. The formerly Whigs changed their name in the 19th century into Liberal Democrats. They have been one of the two main parties, after Worldwar II. they melted to a much smaller one, but they are still the third largest, although on low level. It s more left, but pragmatically. Labour was founded in about 1900. It developed in some years into one of the biggest parties. It believes actively in the pursuit of greater social and economic equality, it s foreignpolicy is pro-European, they prefer international solutions. There was a great reform within the party and now it presents itself as New Labour, its Leader is Tony Blair. other parties There are many other parties who are presented in the House of Commons, many of them exist only in parts of the country. There are special Scottish, Welsh and especially Irish parties e.g. ...
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