Referat The Cold War The Cold War was a period of East-West competition from 1945 until 1991. It was a conflict on an ideologic, an economic and a military level. The USA and the Soviet Union were the most important of the many states which were entangled in this conflict. While the USA had a democratic and relatively conservative political system, the Soviet Union was a communist state as you can find it in a picture-book. After the Allies had won World War II, both states tried to propagate their political systems on the whole world. For example in Germany: As you all know, Germany was divided into two parts after it had lost the war. The USA wanted their part to be a democratic state as the USA was itself. But at the same time the Russians planned their part to be communist. In the 1940s and 50s, you can even find a modern kind of witch hunt in the United states. Only with communists instead of witches. The organisation which led this hunt, was the HUAC . It was led by Senator McCarthy. Their task was to verify that important persons -for example many famous actors- were not members of a communist party. So they made a black list of persons who were suspected of being communist. They also spied into suspected organisations. The consequence was, that the population lived in an atmosphere of distrust. Many people were afraid of being accused being a communist. One of the most famous victims of the HUAC was Berthold Brecht. After a long inquisition by their officials, Brecht ...
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