Referat AUSTRALIA S HISTORY Australia is a country of contrasts. It is as big as the USA without Alaska, but has only 17,1 millions inhabitants. The first humans, who already came 40.000 years ago, were the aboriginal inhabitants from Asia. But its written history began only 200 years ago with the beginning of the colonisation of the continent through the Europeans in the seventeenth century. In 1606 a Dutch ship docked on the west coast and further Dutchs followed. Abel Tasman was the discoverer in 1642. The Dutch named the continent New Holland, but they didn t occupey it. In 1688 the first Brighton Willioam Dampier arrived at the Northwest coast. 1768 captain James Cook from the British marine sighted the east coast of the coninent, mapped it out and finally he arrived in Botany Bay. He took posession of the whole east part of the continent for the English crown and named it New South Wales. In 1783 the loss of the American colonies forced the English to look for other territories for penal colonies and on the 28th Janurary in 1788 captain Arthur Phillip arrived as the commander of the first fleet in Sidney Bay (today Port Jackson in the heart of Sidney), near Botany Bay. The first white settlers were prisonners with their guards because the English prisons were overcrowded. Then there also came some traders to help with the erection of the new penal colonies. Extensive expeditions in the nineteenth century led to it that wide territories were discovered for the colonisation and ...
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