Golding, William: Lord of the Flies

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Lord of the Flies By William Golding William Golding was born in Cornwall in 1911. Destined to be a scientist, he changed his course after two years and studied English literature instead at Oxford University. The he earned his living as a schoolmaster until he joined the Royal Navy in 1939. The Outbreak of World War 2 was the turning point in his career. The vision of evil inherent in the human heart that Golding found in the war was the basis of his first published novel, Lord of the Flies (1954). Man savage at heart, turning to an evil and primitive creature is a running theme throughout his books. In 1983, he won the Nobel Prize for literature. His most important works are: Lord of the Flies, The Inheritors, Pincher Martin, Free Fall, Spire and Darkness Visible. A group of 6 to 12 year old English school boys lands on an island after having been evacuated from their hometown and a plane crash. The pilot died and so they have to care for themselves. First they elect Ralph chief although a boy called Jack wants to be the leader. It is the first hidden conflict between them though they are first the same opinion about their situation and its solution. So they light a fire, put up shelters and begin to care for food. Jack, subordinated to Ralph is soon tired of the fruit diet and of the unglamorous labour of building shelter and keeping the fire-signal for eventual passing ships lit. He is the head of a group of choir boys and so he organizes them as hunters for the wild ...

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