The history of the Internet

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THE HISTORY OF THE INTERNET At the beginning of my speech I ll explain some special phrases to you. THINK-TANK: Denkfabrik NODE: Knoten, Knotenpunkt ARPANET: Advanced Research Projects Agency Network MILNET : Military Network HOST - A host computer is one, which contains a small part of information in the Internet REMOTE CONTROL - to run operating systems on another computer far away Thirty years ago, the RAND Corporation, America`s foremost Cold War think-tank, faced a strange strategic problem. How could the US authorities successfully communicate after a nuclear war? America would need a command-and-control network, linked from city to city, state to state, base to base. But no matter how thoroughly that network was protected, its switches and wiring would always be vulnerable to the impact of atomic bombs. A nuclear attack would reduce every network to tatters. And how would the network itself be commanded and controlled? Any central authority, any network central link, would be the target for an enemy missile. The center of the network would be the first place to go. In 1964 the RAND - Corporation arrived at a daring solution. The principles were simple. In the first place, the network would have no central authority All the nodes in the network would be equal in status to all other nodes, each node with its own authority to originate, pass, and receive messages. In 1969, the first such node was installed. In December 1969, there were four nodes on the network, which ...

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