Referat U N E M P L O Y M E N T We have to differentiate a few types of unemployment: seasonal unemployment: e.g. tourism-areas, construction sector cyclical unemployment: if a country has an economical boom then people have jobs, if their is an economical bust people lose jobs frictional unemployment: you stop working in December and start your new work in March, this period between this months is called frictional unemployment structural unemployment: in factories too old machines, cannot produce enough, sell less products, cannot pay their blue and white collar workers more unemployed people hidden unemployment: dismissed people don t ask for a new job, they also don t register for unemployment benefits, e.g. women after their maternity leave often stay at home with their children REASONS: Companies have many reasons to dismiss employers and employees: they want to make more profit replace workers with machines close a company and open the same in an other country with lower wages lower labour costs companies prefer illegal workers companies don t like workers, who are too old (around 40 years), but they also don t want young workers, because they have no praxis. Workers always have to be on top, have to invest their spare time in work,... Many companies believe that it is more important to gain a higher job security as to gain more money. NEW JOBS: In the last years many new jobs have been created. The ordinary job from 8 to 5 does not exist any more. You can decide distinguish ...
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