Orwell, George: 1984

Orwell, Utopy, Future, Big Brother, Newspeak, Winston Smith, O`Brien, Referat, Hausaufgabe, Orwell, George: 1984
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GEORGE ORWELL NINETEEN EIGHTY - FOUR George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair) was born in 1903 in India. In 1907 he came to England with his parents. From 1922 to 1927 he served with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma and wrote his first novel Burmese Days in 1934. Then he worked as a teacher and bookshop assistant and after he had seen the mass unemployment in Lancashire and Yorkshire he wrote The Road to Wigan Pier where he used his experiences. In the end of 1936 he went to Spain to fight for the Republicans and was wounded. Later he wrote the book Homage to Catalonia about the Spanish civil war. From 1941 to 1943 he worked for the BBC Eastern Service and then he wrote for several newspapers (Tribune, Observer, Manchester Evening News). In 1945 Animal Farm was published and in 1949 Nineteen Eighty - Four followed. These two books brought Orwell world-wide fame. In January 1950 he died in London. To understand the story it is necessary to know something about the country (and its political system) where it takes place. In the year 1984 the world is split up among three superpowers: Oceania (which consists of America and England), Eurasia and Eastasia. These countries are constantly at war with one another. This story takes place in London, in Oceania which is under total control of the English Socialist Party (called Ingsoc) and is lead by a fictive person that is shown on all coins, posters, ... (called Big Brother). On top of the society stands the Inner Party, whose members ...

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