Weimarer Republik (Weimar Republic) - englische Zusammenfassung
Civil war At the beginning the republic doesn’t settle down. Its parliamentary – democratic constitution is the attempt, to do what the Peace Treaty of Versailles wants them to do . This provides for uprisings of radical right-wings which the government only ended with effort. The radical right-wings Wolfgang Kapp and general Walther von Lüttwitz try to overthrow the government in March, 1920 to govern on. The their own. Their troops occupied the seat of the government, but the cabinet fled to Stuttgart. The citizens also defended themselves against the coup, so the plan failed.
In March, 1920 the industrial district in the Ruhr area is conquered by about 50000 armed left-wing radicals. The government sends their troops to the Ruhr and 1000 demonstrators and more than 200 soldiers die. In Central Germany, Saxony and Thuringia communist uprisings are ended by the government troops. In November, 1923 there’s an other attempt to overthrow the government once more. This time these are the national rights under the direction of Adolf Hitler. Because of this his name becomes known all over Germany for the first time. The uprising ends in the gun fire of the Bavarian police, so it failed. Right-wing extremists murder many of their opponents, one of them is the foreign minister Walther Rathenau and former Minister of Finance Matthias Erzberger.
After the war Germany had to pay reparations. But they had nothing to pay with, because all their factories were destroyed. Because of that the Government printed more money, but this money didn’t got much value. So the prices get higher.
Worldwide economic crisis
In autumn, 1929 the endlessly seeming economic boom in the USA collapsed. The worst economic crisis which the USA had ever experienced followed. Germany also couldn’t escape it either. Already in winter, 1928/29 the number of the jobless people was around 3 million. At the beginning of 1932 the official number of the jobless people in Germany is around 6 million. However, in reality it was 8 million, while only 12.5 million had a job. So the benefits were cut more and more, so that in the end benefits were only financed by donations. This caused a rush to the banks. Both of Germany’s biggest banks become unable to pay. A bankruptcy of the banks is pretended by the government.